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The Gender Gap, Around the WorldTuesday, November 03, 2009 > 15:34:39
The World Economic Forum [Wednesday] released its annual Global Gender Gap Report.
This report tries to assess how well countries “are dividing their resources and opportunities among their male and female populations, regardless of the overall levels of these resources and opportunities.”
Nordic countries – Iceland, Norway, Finland and Sweden – took the top four spots in the report’s rankings of most egalitarian societies. The United States was ranked No. 31, three spots lower than it was last year.
The index contains four parts:
1) Economic participation and opportunity: outcomes on salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment.
2) Educational attainment: outcomes on access to basic and higher-level education.
3) Political empowerment: outcomes on representation in decision-making structures.
4) Health and survival: outcomes on life expectancy and sex ratio.
The organization says the index scores are meant to indicate the percentage of the gender gap that has been closed. That means a higher score on the index represents a more gender-equal society, at least according to this methodology.