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Vietnam Likely To Take Over Bangladesh In Apparel Export Market Share: StanchartTuesday, February 10, 2015 > 10:41:40
Vietnam is likely to overtake Bangladesh in the global apparel export market share once the Trans Pacific Partnership (TPP) takes shape.
According to a research report by Standard Chartered Bank, the agreement is likely to benefit Vietnam’s apparel industry, while hurting South Asian competitors like Bangladesh and Sri Lanka.
The TPP free trade grouping consists of Vietnam, along with 11 others namely Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore and the US.
Negotiations have yet to reach a conclusive level although it is targeted to be tied up in 2015, after two year-end misses.
According to StanChart researcher Radhika Kak, the TPP would be negative for Central American apparel manufacturers that are currently subject to “triple transformation” rules under NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement) and CAFTA-DR ( Dominican Republic- Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement) to access the US market.
Negotiations between the US and Vietnam are underway on the terms of the trade agreement on apparel.
The US is understood to favour “yarn forward” rules, which implies that all stages of production, starting with yarn spinning, must take place within a TPP country.
Kak said the push for “yarn forward” or strict Rules of Origin (ROO) requirements reflects the US government’s desire to protect its domestic textile industry from increased competition from non-TPP textile manufacturing countries.
Vietnam’s apparel industry has called for maximum flexibility via the “cut and sew rule” which would give apparel manufacturers the flexibility to source yarn and fabric from lower-cost destinations (including non-TPP countries), requiring only assembly of the final product to be done in the TPP country.
“While the agreement with stringent ROO would not provide immediate gains for Vietnam’s apparel manufacturers, benefits would gradually boost the domestic textile industry.”
A wave of foreign investment in Vietnam’s textile industry has already begun, ahead of a potential TPP deal.
Based on StanChart’s forecast, Vietnam’s market share in apparel could rise to about 11 per cent from 4.0 per cent currently.
On this basis, Vietnam would overtake Bangladesh to become the second-biggest EM apparel supplier after China when its apparel exports swells to US$115 billion.
A TPP agreement would also affect textile suppliers to the three economies
“Flexible ROO requirements would likely result in gains for Korea and Japan, the primary suppliers of textiles to Vietnam’s apparel industry,” she added.
“China and Hong Kong would likely see little impact, as they are big suppliers to all three countries (Vietnam, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka).
“In contrast, Asian suppliers such as India, Pakistan and Thailand, as well as some European countries, would be likely losers, as they are preferred suppliers to Bangladesh and Sri Lanka.”